Applications of Compound Interest Formula
The compound interest formula is used in the following situations.
(i) To find the increase or decrease in population.
(ii) To find the growth of cells when the rate of growth is given.
(iii) To find the depreciation in the values of machines, vehicles, utility appliances etc.,
The value of a motor cycle 2 years ago was ₹70000. It depreciates at the rate of 4% p.a.
Find its present value.
The bacteria in a culture grows by 5% in the first hour, decreases by 8% in the second hour and again increases by 10% in the third hour. Find the count of the bacteria at the end of 3 hours, if its initial count was 10000.
Bacteria at the end of 3 hours
A = ₹10626
The population of a town is increasing at the rate of 6% p.a. It was 238765 in the year 2018. Find the population in the year 2016 and 2020.
Let the population in 2016 be P.
= 238765 × 53/50 × 53/50
= 95.506 × 53 × 53
A = 268276
The population in the year 2016 was 212500 and that in the year 2020 will be 268276.