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# Whole Numbers

What is Mathematics about? It is about numbers, perhaps about shapes as well. It is true that people usually count 1,2,3... on various situations. This collection of counting numbers {1,2,3...} is called Natural numbers, denoted by N.

WHOLE NUMBERS

What is Mathematics about? It is about numbers, perhaps about shapes as well. It is true that people usually count 1,2,3... on various situations. This collection of counting numbers {1,2,3...} is called Natural numbers, denoted by N. If this collection includes 0 as well, then the collection {0,1,2,3...} is called Whole numebrs, denoted by W.

1. Recall the facts on Natural and Whole Numbers

* The smallest natural number is 1.

* The smallest whole number is 0.

* Every number has a successor. The number that comes just after the given number is its successor.

* Every number has a predecessor. The number 1 has a predecessor in W namely ‘0’, but it has no predecessor in N. The number ‘0’ has no predecessor in W.

* There is an order to numbers. By comparing the two given numbers the larger of the two can be identified.

* Numbers are endless. By adding 1 to any chosen large number, the next number can be found.

Logical and Mathematical operations of numbers are used in everyday arithmetic of numbers. These operations can be made easier using properties. Certain properties of numbers are already used without actually knowing them. For example, while adding 8 + 2 + 7, one way of adding is, 8 and 2 are added first to get 10 and then 7 is added to it.

Try these

Find the value of 6 + 3 + 8 and 3 + 6 + 8

i) Are they the same?

ii) Is there any other way of rearranging these three numbers?

8 + 3 + 6

● Find the value of 5 × 2 × 6 and 2 × 5 × 6

i) Are they same?

ii) Is there any other way of rearranging these three numbers?

Answer: 6 × 5 × 2

● Is 7 − 5, the same as 5 − 7? Why?

Answer: No, it’s not same because subtraction ans division not having commutative property.

● What is the value of (15 − 8) − 6? Is it the same as 15 − ( 8 − 6)? Why?

Answer: (15−8) − 6    7 − 6 = 1

15− (8 − 6)       15 − 2 = 13

Both are different values because subtraction and division are not comes under commutative property.

● What is 15 ÷ 5? Is it the same as 5 ÷ 15? Why?

Solution: 15/5 5/15 1/3 3

● What is the value of (100 ÷ 10) ÷ 5? Is it the same as 100 ÷ (10 ÷ 5)? Why?

Solution:

(100 ÷ 10) ÷ 5 = 10 ÷ 5 = 2

100 ÷ (10 ÷ 5) = 100 ÷ 2 = 50

No, it is not same

The properties of numbers are important facts to be remembered, which helps to do arithmetic calculations more precisely and to avoid mistakes.

Tags : Numbers | Term 1 Chapter 1 | 6th Maths , 6th Maths : Term 1 Unit 1 : Numbers
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6th Maths : Term 1 Unit 1 : Numbers : Whole Numbers | Numbers | Term 1 Chapter 1 | 6th Maths