We shall now study the characteristics of Sovereignty. What are they?
The chief characteristic of sovereignty is permanence. Sovereignty lasts as long as the state lasts. The death of the king or the overthrow of the government does not affect sovereignty. Hence, the people of England say ‘King is dead, Long live the king’.
Exclusiveness here implies that there cannot be two sovereign in one independent state and if it exists the unity of the state will be destroyed.
Every individual and every association of the individual is subject to the sovereignty of the state. However rich or powerful association or group may be, it cannot resist or disobey the sovereign authority.
Sovereignty is the life and soul of the state and it cannot be alienated without destroying the state itself.
The spirit of sovereignty lies in its unity. Sovereignty is not bound by time and lasts until the state lasts.
Indivisibility is the life line of sovereignty.
Sovereignty is unconditional and unlimited. Sovereignty is beyond obedience and it is entitled to do whatever it likes.
Sovereignty wields power by virtue of its own right and not by anybody’s mercy.