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Chapter: 11th Political Science : Chapter 3 : Basic Concepts of Political Science

Glossary for Basic Concepts of Political Science

Political Science : Basic Concepts of Political Science

Sovereignty: The supreme power which cannot be distorted and divided. The per-Independent India was ruled over by British empire and India didn’t posses sovereignty a country is ruled over by other nation, sovereignty resides with the ruling one and not the ruled. In the globalized era sovereignty is under threat, since the global exchange is unavoidable.


Preamble: Like preface of any book preamble is a gist or glimpses of any constitution in the world. If you want to understand about the basic structure of a political system, preamble is an apt one to read. Our Indian constitution’s preamble states, India is democratic, republic and sovereign…


Universal Suffrage: Voting rights to all the people invariable of gender, caste, color, religion, property and other divisive factors. India introduced adult suffrage immediately after the freedom. The superpowers like USA,UK have not implemented the suffrage to all the people after their freedom.


Statutes: A written law passed by the legislative body of a country. It is also added in the parliamentary laws after having had appropriate discussion.


Justice: Justice was the main concept discussed by many Greek philosophers. Justice is the main phenomenon which has to be maintained regardless of all kinds of discriminations.



Fiscal: Monetary oriented. Government of all types always used to concentrate in fiscal policy.


State of Nature: The stage of antiquity in which there was no organized form of government and society.


Anarchy: A complete chaos or the stage of confusion. Particularly in the modern era Iraq and Afghanistan haven’t posses concrete government structure since they are under American occupation.


City-state: Small states in which people are considered as powerful in decision-making. It exists in Greece 2300 years back.


Vasudaivakudumbagam: One world one family. It is a global idea which interlinks the entire nation-states into on family in which there will not be any distinctions.


Inalienable: That one which cannot be separated.


Ordinances: Special orders issued by the president on adhoc occasions.


De-jure: On accordance with law.


De-facto: Factually,one who rules really and concretely.

Justiciable: Subject to trial in a court of law


Liberty: The state of being free within society from oppressive restrictions imposed by authority one’s behaviour or political views.


Democracy: The practice or principles of social equality.


Obligation: Duty or commitment


Patriotism: Vigorous support for one’s country


Anarchy: A state of disorder due to absence or non-recognition of authority


Secular: Not connected with religious or spiritual matters.


Acquisition: Buying or obtaining of assets


Utilitarian: Designed to be useful or practical rather than being attractive


Renaissance: The revival of art and literature


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