Chickling pea, Indian pea, Grass pea, Guaya.
This is a plant belonging to family Leguminosae, which grows well in Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, and Punjab (Fig 33.7). The seeds (called kesari dal in Hindi) (Fig 33.8) are used as a cheap substitute for costlier lentils by the rural folk in these states.
Beta-N-oxalyl-amino-L-alanine (BOAA) or beta-N-oxalyl-alpha-beta-diaminopropionic-acid (beta-odap).
Chronic intake of kesari dal leads to the development of lathyrism, characterised by gradually progressing bilateralspastic paraparesis. There may be prodromal manifestations such as cramps, prickling sensation, and nocturnal calf pain. Tendon reflexes are usually exaggerated, and plantar response is extensor in type. Total spastic paraplegia may result in course of time.
Exclusion of kesari dal from diet and symptomatic measures.
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