Staffing involves filling the positions needed in the organization structure by appointing competent and qualified persons for the job. The staffing process encompasses man power planning, recruitment, selection, and training.
1 Manpower requirements: Manpower Planning which is also called as Human Resource Planning consists of putting right number of people, right kind of people at the right place, right time, doing the right things for which they are suited for the achievement of goals of the organization. The primary function of man power planning is to analyze and evaluate the human resources available in the organization, and to determine how to obtain the kinds of personnel needed to staff positions ranging from assembly line workers to chief executives.
2 Recruitment: Recruitment is the process of finding and attempting to attract job candidates who are capable of effectively filling job vacancies. Job descriptions and job specifications are important in the recruiting process because they specify the nature of the job and the qualifications required of job candidates.
3 Selection: Selecting a suitable candidate can be the biggest challenge for any organization. The success of an organization largely depends on its staff. Selection of the right candidate builds the foundation of any organization's success and helps in reducing turnovers.
Training and Development: Training and Development is a planned effort to facilitate employee learning of jobrelated behaviors in order to improve employee performance. Experts sometimes distinguish between the terms “training” and “development”; “training” denotes efforts to increase employee skills on present jobs, while “development” refers to efforts oriented toward improvements relevant to future jobs. In practice, though, the distinction is often blurred (mainly because upgrading skills in present jobs usually improves performance in future jobs).