SPAN OF CONTROL
Control means the number of subordinates that can be managed efficiently and
effectively by a superior in an organization. It suggests how the relations are
designed between a superior and a subordinate in an organization.
Factors Affecting Span of control:
Capacity of Superior:
Different ability and capacity of leadership,
communication affect management of subordinates.
Capacity of Subordinates:
Efficient and trained subordinates affects the
degree of span of management.
Nature of Work:
Different types of work require different
patterns of management.
Degree of Centralization or Decentralization:
Degree of centralization or decentralization
affects the span of management by affecting the degree of involvement of the
superior in decision making.
Degree of Planning:
Plans which can provide rules, procedures in
doing the work higher would be the degree of span of management.
Pattern of communication, its means, and media
affect the time requirement in managing subordinates and consequently span of
Use of Staff Assistance:
Use of Staff assistance in reducing the work
load of managers enables them to manage more number of subordinates.
Supervision of others:
If subordinate receives supervision form several
other personnel besides his direct supervisor. In such a case, the work load of
direct superior is reduced and he can supervise more number of persons.
Span of control is of two types:
1. Narrow span of control: Narrow Span of control means a single manager or
oversees few subordinates. This gives rise to a tall organizational
Close control of subordinates
levels of management
distance between lowest level and highest level
Wide span of control: Wide span of control means a single manager or
supervisor oversees a large number
of subordinates. This gives rise to a flat organizational structure.
More Delegation of Authority
Development of Managers
Danger of superiors loss of control
Requirement of highly trained managerial
Block in decision making