Distinguish between formal and informal organization
Organizations are basically clasified on the basis of relationships. There are two types of organizations formed on the basis of relationships in an organization
Formal Organization - This is one which refers to a structure of well defined jobs each bearing a measure of authority and responsibility. It is a conscious determination by which people accomplish goals by adhering to the norms laid down by the structure. This kind of organization is an arbitrary set up in which each person is responsible for his performance. Formal organization has a formal set up to achieve pre- determined goals.
Informal Organization - It refers to a network of personal and social relationships which spontaneously originates within the formal set up. Informal organizations develop relationships which are built on likes, dislikes, feelings and emotions. Therefore, the network of social groups based on friendships can be called as informal organizations. There is no conscious effort made to have informal organization. It emerges from the formal organization and it is not based on any rules and regulations as in case of formal organization.
Relationship between formal and informal organizations
For a concerns working both formal and informal organization are important. Formal organization originates from the set organizational structure and informal organization originates from formal organization. For an efficient organization, both formal and informal organizations are required. They are the two phase of a same concern. Formal organization can work independently. But informal organization depends totally upon the formal organization. Formal and informal organization helps in bringing efficient working organization and smoothness in a concern. Within the formal organization, the members undertake the assigned duties in co- operation with each other. They interact and communicate amongst themselves. Therefore, both formal and informal organizations are important. When several people work together for achievement of organizational goals, social tie ups tends to built and therefore informal organization helps to secure co-operation by which goals can be achieved smooth. Therefore, we can say that informal organization emerges from formal organization.
Formal and Informal Organization
The formal orgainzation describes the job of each individiual and relationship between organiational members
Benefits of Formal Organization
Formal Organiation helps in implementing the objectives and policies
Effective Control can be made in these types of formal Organization
Formal Organiation helps to achieve individual goals in the frame work of organizational goals
It is Larger in size
There is no definite organization structure for informal orgainzation. Ininformal organization individula and group goals are more important than organization goals.
Functions of Informal Organization
It helps to preserve the integrity of the groups as a whole
It acts as an efective communication channel
It provides job satisfaction
It controls the social behaviour of the employees
Benefits of Informal Organization
Informal organizations encourage co-operation
Reduces the work load of managers
Informal Organizations provide job security and stability to an employee.
Disadvantages of Informal Organization
Informal Organization creates conflict between employees and employers