Chapter: English

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Report Writing

A report is an orderly, objective message used to convey information from one organizational area to another or from one institution to another to assist in decision making or problem solving. Just as letters, reports are a form of written communication.

Report Writing

 

A report is an orderly, objective message used to convey information from one organizational area to another or from one institution to another to assist in decision making or problem solving. Just as letters, reports are a form of written communication. A report gives an account of what is seen, heard or observed. Reports convey the required information. There are many forms of reports. They are:

 

        Technical Reports.

 

        Laboratory Reports

 

        Research Reports

 

        Feasibility Reports

 

        Progress Reports

 

        Trip Reports, etc.

 

In general, reports must be clear, concise and logical.

 

Format of the Report

 

        Purpose of the report

 

        Introduction and statement of the problem

 

        Method adopted for data collection

 

        Summary / discussion

 

        Conclusion / findings / recommendations if any

 

        Bibliography

 

Parts of the Report

 

A formal report may include the following parts or elements:

 

        Title page

 

        Preface

 

        Letter of transmittal

 

        cknowledgements

 

        Table of contents

 

        List of illustrations

 

        Abstract / Executive Summary

 

        Introduction

 

        Methodology

 

10. Discussion / Finding / Analysis

 

11. Conclusion

 

12. Recommendation

 

13. Appendices

 

14. References and Bibliography

 

 

 

 

Note: In report writing, you must be as objective as possible. Do not approach the task with a lot of preconceived bias.

 

 

 

 

For example: "I am going to prove that smoking is dangerous to your health." It is better to begin with a question in mind and then do the research to find answers to your question. For example, "Is smoking really dangerous to your health?"

 

Model Report - I

 

20.1.14

 

To

 

The President

 

Cauvery Industries Ltd

 

Tiruchirappalli.

 

Sir,

Sub: Feasibility of Flexible Working Hours

 

This report concerns the feasibility of allowing workers to start and stop work at the times that suit them best, a practice known flex-time. Of course, we all understand that everyone would still work a total of 40 hours per week, as we do now. This idea of flexible working hours was first presented to the directors by some of our workers, many of whom have young children in school.

 

The Personal Manager was asked to look into the question, and his study had two aspects. First, he looked at the experience of other companies, and second, he looked carefully at our own working arrangements.

 

            Parents of school-age children were able to fit their work hours to those of their children.

 

            Workers could choose to work during hours they could be most productive.

 

            Worker attitude improved because of more choice in work time.

 

There were, however, some disadvantages as well. Sometimes there were not enough workers in some departments at crucial hours of the day, and it took a while to iron out confusion about schedules.

 

Next, we asked all employees of our company to predict the hours they would probably choose to work. This information was then circulated to all head of department for comment. The department heads were asked to look in particular at possible problems and their solution.

 

After studying all this information, a committee that included a representative from every department decided to try flex-time for a period of 3 months, starting February 1, 2014. At the end of that period, the committee will make a final decision.

 

Yours faithfully,

 

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