Definition of Welfare State
The concept of 'Welfare State' is defined
differently by different writers which are listed below.
'The Welfare State is one which provides a wide
range of social services and security'. (T.W.Kent)
'Welfare State regards want, disease, ignorance,
squalor and idleness as five great enemies of the people and wants to give them
a fight and destroy them'. (Nehru)
'The Welfare State is a society in which an
assured minimum standard of living and opportunity becomes the possession of
every citizen'. (G.D.H. Cole)
'The Welfare State is a system wherein
government agrees to underwrite certain levels of employment, income,
education, medical aid, social security and housing for all its citizens'.
The concept of Welfare State is a compromise between extreme
Individualism and Socialism. Individualism gives maximum importance to the
individual and degrades the state. Socialism, on the other hand, gives maximum
importance to the state and degrades the individual. But Welfare State gives
importance to both state and individual. It promotes the general happiness and
welfare of the people. It regards itself more as an agency of social service
than as an instrument of power. It aims at the attainment of moral progress,
development of individual personality and maintenance of certain good
conditions of social life.