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Chapter: 11th Botany : Chapter 5 : Taxonomy and Systematic Botany

Botanical description of Clitoria ternatea (Sangu pushpam)

Botanical description of Clitoria ternatea (Sangu pushpam)
Inflorescence: Solitary and axillary

Botanical description of Clitoria ternatea (Sangu pushpam)

 

Habit: Twining climber

 

Root: Branched tap root system having nodules.

 

Stem: Aerial, weak stem and a twiner

 

Leaf: Imparipinnately compound, alternate, stipulate showing reticulate venation. Leaflets are stipellate. Petiolate and stipels are pulvinated.

 

Inflorescence: Solitary and axillary

 

Flower: Bracteate, bracteolate, bracteoles usuallylarge,pedicellate,heterochlamydeous, complete, bisexual, pentamerous, zygomor-phic and hypogynous.

 

Calyx: Sepals 5, synsepalous, green showing valvate aestivation. Odd sepal is anterior in position.


 



Corolla: Petals 5, white or blue apopetalous, irregular papilionaceous corolla showing descendingly imbricate aestivation.

 

Androecium: Stamens 10, diadelphous (9)+1 nine stamens fused to form a bundle and the tenth stamen is free. Anthers are dithecous, basifixed, introse and dechiscing by longitudinal slits.

 

Gynoecium: Monocarpellary, uni-locular, with many ovules on mariginal ¬≠placentation, ovary superior, style simple and incurved with feathery stigma.

 

Fruit: Legume

 

Seed: Non-endospermous, reniform.




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11th Botany : Chapter 5 : Taxonomy and Systematic Botany


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