Vocabulary - Collocation
refers to a group of two or more words that go together. A simple way to think
of collocation is to look at the word 'collocation' itself: co-means together -
location means place. The combination just sounds right for native speakers. In
order to naturalize our language and make it seem equivalent to the native
speaker, it is important that the second language speakers learn the usage of
Why do we
collocate words? There is no specific reason. In spoken and written
communication, very often, certain words are grouped together. Most often the
verbs 'make' and
combine with many nouns.
e.g. I made a cup of
a large number of collocations and learning them will help a new learner to use
the language frequently. Collocations can be adjective+adverb, noun+noun,
verb+noun and so on. Below you can see seven main types of collocation in
Invading that country was an utterly stupid thing to do.
We entered a richly
Are you fully
aware of the implications of your action?
Adjective + noun
The doctor ordered him to take regular exercise.
The Titanic sank on its maiden voyage.
He was writhing on the ground in excruciating pain.
Let's give Mr Jones a round of applause.
I'd like to buy two bars of soap please.
Noun + verb
falling as our plane took off.
went off when he started the car engine.
Verb + noun
The prisoner was hanged for committing murder.
I always try to do my homework in the morning; after making my bed.
He has been asked to give a presentation about his work.
Verb+expression with preposition
We had to return home because we had run out of money.
Their behavior was enough to drive anybody to crime.
Verb + adverb
her keys gently on the table and sat
softly in John's ear.
I . Fill in the blanks with the appropriate collocation
given in brackets.
(make/set/play) tricks on someone.
To keep your fingers crossed (folded/crossed/twisted)
(maintain/make/run) a business.
(break/crack/clash) a news.
(create/serve/commit) a crime.
(make/give/present) an offer.
10. To reach (hit/reach/achieve) a decision.
correct collocation with the help of the meaning given:
To be fired from an employment - get the sack.
To conduct something that is illegal - break the
To enjoy oneself greatly - have a great time
To decline some offer - dismiss an offer