Home | | Geography | | Geography | Surveying : Definition, Types, Uses and Importance of Surveying

Chapter: 11th 12th std standard Geography earth space Higher secondary school College Notes

| Study Material, Lecturing Notes, Assignment, Reference, Wiki description explanation, brief detail |

Surveying : Definition, Types, Uses and Importance of Surveying

In general terms, surveying is to inspect, view, scrutinize or examine that phenomenon that needs to be surveyed. This is done in order to determine the condition of the object surveyed or to assess the situation and learn about the 'value' of that which is surveyed. This could be a piece of land, a stretch of road or even a legal parcel of land.

Definition of Surveying

 

In general terms, surveying is to inspect, view, scrutinize or examine that phenomenon that needs to be surveyed. This is done in order to determine the condition of the object surveyed or to assess the situation and learn about the 'value' of that which is surveyed. This could be a piece of land, a stretch of road or even a legal parcel of land.

 

In our context here, survey is a science and art of determining the relative positions of points (locations) above, on or beneath the earth surface. The basic concerns regarding a survey are spaces and locations within them. Survey essentially take note of specific point locations for later reference.

 

Uses and Importance of Surveying

 

There are several uses of surveying, notably those given below:


1.   Locating or mapping resources

 

2.   Engineering design

 

3.   Layout construction or engineering projects


4.  Verify performance

 

5.  Engineering design

 

6.  Layout construction or engineering projects

 

7.  Verify performance

 

11.                     Acquiring reliable data

 

12.                     Providing control

 

13.                     Usually for location

 

Surveying Methods and Procedures

 

There are several surveying methods and procedures. It is inappropriate to write about all specific types of surveying, for they are several and their procedures are complex. Hence, only a list of specific types of surveying is given below.

 

Specific Types of Surveying

 

i.     Property (cadastral) surveying

 

ii.  Control surveying


iii.  Mapping surveying (planimetric or topographic)

 

iii.   Photogrammetric surveying

 

iv.    Construction (engineering) surveying

 

v.  Route surveying

 

vi.    Hydrographic surveying


Study Material, Lecturing Notes, Assignment, Reference, Wiki description explanation, brief detail


Copyright © 2018-2020 BrainKart.com; All Rights Reserved. Developed by Therithal info, Chennai.