![if !IE]> <![endif]>
Apart from natural gas, there are some other gases which are used as fuel. Producer gas, coal gas, bio gas and water gas are some of them.
Producer gas is a gaseous mixture of carbon monoxide and nitrogen. It is produced by passing air mixed with steam, over red hot coke at a temperature of 1100 ˚C. It is used as an industrial fuel for iron and steel manufacturing.
Producer gas is known by different names in different countries. It is referred as Woodgas in USA and as Suction gas in UK.
It is a mixture of gases like hydrogen, methane and carbon monoxide obtained by the destructive distillation of coal. Heating coal in the absence of air is called destructive distillation. It is used in heating open hearth furnace in the manufacture of steel. It is also used as a reducing agent in certain metallurgical operations.
It is a gaseous mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen. It is made by passing steam over incandescent coke at a temperature of 1000°C.
C(g) + H2O(g) ---1000°C→ CO(g) + H2 (g)
It is also called as syngas or synthesis gas as it is used to synthesize methanol and simple hydrocarbons. It is used as an industrial fuel also.
Bio-gas is a mixture of methane and carbon dioxide. It is produced by the decomposition of plant and animal waste which form the organic matter. The breaking down of organic matter in anaerobic condition (ie., in the absence of oxygen) leads to the formation of biogas. It is an example for renewable source of energy.
Visit a bio-gas plant in your area with your teacher. Find out how it is prepared. Discuss about the uses and advantages of bio gas. In what way it will be helpful to the people in rural area?
Copyright © 2018-2023 BrainKart.com; All Rights Reserved. Developed by Therithal info, Chennai.