Official Statistics are statistics published by government
agencies or other public bodies such as international organizations. They
provide quantitative or qualitative information on all major areas of citizens’
lives. Official Statistics make information on economic and social development
accessible to the public, allowing the impact of government policies to be
assessed, thus improving accountability.
The Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MOSPI)
came into existence as an Independent Ministry in 1999 after the merging of the
Department of Statistics and the Department of Programme Implementation.
The Ministry has two wings, Statistics and Programme
The Statistics Wing called the National Statistical Office (NSO)
consists of the Central Statistical Office (CSO), the Computer Centre and the
National Sample Survey Office (NSSO).
The Central Statistical Office is one of the two wings of the
National Statistical Organisation (NSO). It is responsible for co-ordination of
statistical activities in the country and for evolving and maintaining statistical
standards. Its activities include compilation of National Accounts; conduct of
Annual Survey of Industries and Economic Censuses, compilation of Index of
Industrial Production as well as Consumer Price Indices. It also deals with
various social statistics, training, international cooperation, Industrial
The CSO is headed by a Director-General who is assisted by 5
Additional Director-Generals looking after the National Accounts Division,
Social Statistics Division, Economic Statistics Division, Training Division and
the Coordination and Publication Division.
CSO is located in the Sardar Patel Bhawan, Parliament Street, New
Delhi. The Industrial Statistics Wing of CSO is located in Kolkata. The
Computer Centre also under the CSO is located in R K Puram, New Delhi.
The National Sample Survey Organisation, now known as National
Sample Survey Office, is an organization under the Ministry of Statistic of the
Government of India.It is the largest organisation in India, conducting regular
socio-economic surveys. It was established in 1950. NSSO has four divisions:
Survey Design and Research Division (SDRD)
Field Operations Division (FOD)
Data Processing Division (DPD)
Co-ordination and Publication Division (CPD)
The Programme Implementation Wing has three Divisions, namely,
Twenty Point Programme
Infrastructure Monitoring and Project Monitoring
Member of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme.
Besides these three wings, there is National Statistical Commission created through a Resolution of Government of India (MOSPI) and one autonomous Institute, viz., Indian Statistical Institute declared as an institute of National importance by an Act of Parliament.