Evolution of Statistics in India
Evidence from history proves that during the reign of Chandra Gupta Maurya, there existed a system of maintaining vital statistics,including registration of births and deaths. Such records can be found in Kautilya’s Arthashastra even before 300B.C. The book “Ain-e-Akbari” (1596-97) mentions the statistical and administrative surveys conducted during Akbar’s rule. P.C.Mahalanobis is known as the founder of modern statistics and also as father of Statistics in India. Since 2007 29th of June every year is celebrated as Statistics Day to commemorate his birth anniversary.
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