Nature of Organisation (Characteristics)
is an effective and necessary instrument for the attainment of predetermined
goals. The following are the main characteristics of organisation.
1. Division of Labour: The total work to be done is divided into small parts
and each work is entrusted to particular individual. After the division of the
total effort into functions and sub-functions, the next step is to group the
activities on the basis of a) Similarity of work
that the similar type of activities can be grouped together and placed under
the name of department or Sub-department.
manufacturing enterprise, its total activities may be divided and grouped under
production, marketing, finance, personnel etc.
labour will lead to specialization because of doing the same work again and
again. It helps to increase the quantity and quality of output without waste of
time, energy and resources.
2. Co-Ordination: The people in the organisation are assigned with
different functions, but the aim is to attain organisational goal. So they have
to co-ordinate between 1. The employee and his work 2. One employee and another
one employee 3. One department and another.
3. Objectives: Every
organisation should have specific
and well defined objectives.
cannot be accomplished without an organisation. Similarly the organisation
cannot exist for a long time without objective and goals.
4. Authority - Responsibility
relationship: An organisation structure consists of various positions arranged in a hierarchy
with a clear definition of the authority and responsibility, associated with
5. Communication: Every organisation has its own
method of communication. In organisation group of persons work together towards
the goal. So effective communication is needed between the people for
understanding. The channels of communication may be formal, informal, downward,
upward or horizontal.