Book back answers and solution for Exercise questions - Random Variable and Mathematical Expectation: Miscellaneous Problems with Answer, Solution

**Miscellaneous Problems**

1. The probability function of a random
variable X is given by

Evaluate the following probabilities.

(i) P ( X ≤ 0) , (ii) P ( X < 0) ,
(iii) P ( |X| ≤ 2) and (iv) P ( 0 ≤ X ≤10)

2. Let X be a random variable with
cumulative distribution function

(a) Compute: (i) P (1 ≤ X≤ 2) and (ii) P
(X = 3) .

(b) Is X a discrete random variable?
Justify your answer.

3. The p.d.f. of X is defined as

Find the value of k and also find P ( 2
≤ X ≤ 4) .

4. The probability distribution function
of a discrete random variable X is

where k is some constant. Find (a) k and
(b) P (X > 2) .

5. The probability density function of a
continuous random variable X is

where a and b are some constants. Find
(i) a and b if E ( X) = 3/5 (ii) Var ( X) .

6. Prove that if E ( X) = 0, then V ( X
) = E ( X^{2} ) .

7. What is the expected value of a game
that works as follows: I flip a coin and, if tails pay you ₹ 2; if heads pay
you ₹ 1. In either case I also pay you ₹ 50.

8. Prove that, (i) V (aX ) = a2V ( X ) ,
and (ii) V ( X + b) = V ( X )

9. Consider a random variable X with
p.d.f

Find E ( X) and V(3X–2).

10. The time to failure in thousands of
hours of an important piece of electronic equipment used in a manufactured DVD
player has the density function

Find the expected life of this piece of
equipment.

**Answers:**

1. (i) ½ (ii) ¼ (iii) ½ (iv) ¾

2. (a) (i) 13/24 (ii) 0 (b) X is NOT discrete since F is not a step function.

3. 1/4:1/2

4. (a) 1/9 (b) 7/9

5. (i) 3/5,6/5 (ii) 2/25

7. 2

9. 3/4, 27/80

10. 1/2

Tags : Random Variable and Mathematical Expectation , 12th Business Maths and Statistics : Chapter 6 : Random Variable and Mathematical Expectation

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12th Business Maths and Statistics : Chapter 6 : Random Variable and Mathematical Expectation : Miscellaneous Problems | Random Variable and Mathematical Expectation

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