Management is an art or science both science and art
as a Science
The following characteristics are
essential for a subject to be recognized as a Science.
existence of systematic body of knowledge with an array of principles
on Scientific enquiry
should be verifiable
basis for predicting future events
Management as a discipline fulfills
the science criterion. The application of these principles helps any practicing
manager to achieve the desired goals.
Science can be classified into two
types they are:
In this the results are Accurate.
There is no scope for the probability.
organization human resources are different in attitude, aspirations and
perceptions. So standard results may not be obtained.
and Standard Solutions cannot be obtained.
is complex and Unpredictable.
organization decisions are influenced by the environment. The environment is so
complex and prone to unexpected changes.
as a Science
application of skjill in finding a desired result. Art is the way of doing
things skillfully. Management is an art because of the following facts.
process involves the use of practical knowledge and personal skill.
of practical knowledge helps to achieve concrete result
as both Science and Art
“Management is a science because it contains general
principles. It is also an art because it requires certain personal skills to
achieve desired results.”