1. Define Organization.
identified group of people contributing their efforts towards the attainment of
goals is called an organization. Organization is the process of establishing
relationships among the members of the enterprise.
2. What is the purpose of Organization?
the efficiency management
creativity and innovation
growth and diversification and
co-ordination and communication.
3. What is organizing?
refers to the formal grouping of people and activities facilitate achievement of the firm’s objectives.
Organizing may be defined as the process of
and classifying the required activities i.e.
the work to be performed i.e.,
and delegating responsibility and authority i.e. Delegation of authority
4. What is Job design?
Job design is usually broad enough to accommodate
people’s needs and desires. It may be especially appropriate to
design jobs for exceptional persons in order to utilize their potential. People
spend a great deal of time on the job and it is therefore important to design
jobs so that individuals feel good about their work.Two important goals of job
• To meet the organizational requirements such as
higher productivity, operational
quality of products/service etc.
• To satisfy the needs of the individual employees
like interests, challenge, achievement etc.
5. What is Organisation Structure?
organisation structure simply by means the systematic arrangement of people
working for the organisation. The organisation is concerned with establishment
of positions and relationship between positions. The organisation structure has
1. Horizontal 2. Vertical
6. What is an Organizational chart?
According to George Terry, “Organizational
chart is a diagrammatical form, which shows
the important aspects of an organization including the major functions and
their respective relationships, the channels of supervision, and the relative
authority of each employee who is in charge of each respective function”. It is a representation of the framework
or structure of an organization. It may be a vertical or top-down chart,
horizontal or left to right chart and circle or concentric chart.
7. Uses of Organisation Chart
organisation chart pinpoints the weakness of an organisation. This will helps
to overcome the short coming of organisation.
2. It tells
quickly who is responsible for particular function.
3. It is
useful in showing nature of an organisation and changes if any in the existing
staff and new comers.
8. Distinguish between authority and power
the ability of individuals or groups to induce r influence the beliefs or
actions of other persons or groups.Authority in organisation is the right in a
position to exercise discretion in making decisions and affecting others.
9. What are the different bases of power?
It is the
right which is delegated to an individual or a department to control specified
processes practices, policies or other matters relating to activities,
undertaken by persons in other departments.
11. Formal Organization
structure of jobs and positions with clearly defined functions and relationship
as prescribed by the top management and bound by rules, systems and procedures.
12. Informal Organization
of interpersonal relationships that arise when people associate with each
organizational process of determining how activities are to be grouped is
called departmentation. Departmentation is a means of dividing the large and
complex organization into smaller, flexible administrative units.
means that employees, managers or teams at all levels in the organization are
given the power to make decision without asking their superiors for permission.
tendency to disperse decision making authority in an organized structure. \
16. What do you mean by a strategy?
is defined as the determination of long-term objectives of an organisation.
Making the best choices for the future and allocating the resources necessary
to accomplish the objectives.
17. What is decision making?
making is defined as the selection of a course of action among alternative
courses of action. Decision making should be rational. Decision making involves
a choice among alternatives.
the purpose of planning?
determine the direction of an organisation
provide a basis for team work
minimise wastages in the future
facilitate decision making
improve morale of the employees.
importance of HRM?
achieve competitive advantage over other organisation.
improve the efficiency of the organisation.
ü For the
fuller utilization of available resources.
importance of staffing:-
ü It helps
to make use of the Organisational resources.
provides effective and efficient personals to the organisation.
discover talented and competent persons. Planning and executing all those
activities are associated with recruitment, selection, training, and
Performance appraisal and career development in known as human resource
21. What is span of control?
control tells the ratio between superiors and subordinates. Usually
organizations are having two different types of spans. They are
ü Wide Span