First aid to sick and
wounded has been practiced since ancient times. But an organized world wide
effort for giving first aid came only in the year 1877 with the formation of
St. John ambulance association of England after the Great apostle of St. John.
In 1920, Red Cross Society of India was established. With more than 400 branches all
over India, great success has been achieved in the improvement of health and
prevention of diseases. Since then the universal need and utility of first aid
has been increasing in this modern mechanized civilization.
First aid is simple medical treatment given the earliest
possible to a person who is injured or who suddenly becomes ill.
First aid is the initial assistance or treatment given to a
casualty for any injury or sudden illness before the arrival of an ambulance,
doctor or other qualified person. First aid is not an end by itself. It
indicates that the person is in need of a “Secondary
The person who is
trained to render emergency service on the spot until the medical aid is
obtained is called a “First Aider”.
Willing to offer assistance whenever necessary
3Ps Preserve life
Prevent injuries /condition from
The scope of first aid
Disposal of the case.
Know the possible
cause of accident or sudden injury.
from casualty and bystanders.
Watch for symptoms
like faintness, bleeding, thirst, pain or shivering
Watch for abnormal
signs like swelling, paleness etc.
Remove the causative
agent from the casuality eg. falling machinery, fire, electrical wire, poision
Arrange for the safe
transportation of the casuality to the care of a doctor or hospital as soon as
Inform the family or
relatives at once.