Concept of species
Species is the basic unit of classification. The term species was coined by John Ray, and in his book “Historia Generalis Plantarum” (3 volumes) in 1693 described species as a group of morphologically similar organisms arising from a common ancestor. Carolus Linnaeus in his book “Systema naturae” considered species as the basic unit of classification. Species can be defined as a group of organisms that have similar morphology and physiology and can interbreed to produce fertile offsprings. In 1859 Charles Darwin in his book Origin of species explains the evolutionary connection of species by the process of natural selection.