‘Citizen’ is derived from the Latin term ‘Civis’. It means resident of a City
State. The Constitution of India provides for a single and uniform citizenship
for the whole of India. Articles 5 to 11 under part II of the Constitution
deals with the citizenship.
Citizenship Act of 1955 provides for acquisition and loss of citizenship after
the commencement of the Constitution. This Act has been amended so far eight
to the Citizenship Act, 1955, the citizenship could be acquired through any of
the following methods.
1. By Birth:
All persons born in India on or after January 26, 1950 are treated as
citizens by birth.
2. By Descent: A person born outside
India on or after January 26, 1950 shall be a citizen of India by descent,
if his father is a citizen of India at the time of his birth.
3. By Registration: A person can acquire citizenship of India
by registration with appropriate authority.
4. By Naturalisation: A foreigners can acquire Indian
citizenship, on application for naturalization to the Government of India.
5. By Incorporation of Territory: In the event of a certain territory being added to
the territory of India, the Government of India shall specify the persons of
that territory who shall be citizen of India.
Citizenship Act of 1955 prescribes three ways of losing citizenship whether
acquired under the Act or prior to it under the Constitution, viz,
renunciation, termination and deprivation.
1. It can be voluntarily renounced by a citizen.
2. It can be terminated if a person acquires the
citizenship of some other country.
3. The central government can deprive a naturalized
citizen, if it satisfied that the citizenship was acquired by fraud, false
representation or concealment of material facts or indulges in trade with enemy
countries or if the person has been sentenced to imprisonment for a period of 2