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Chapter: Introduction to Human Nutrition: Digestion and Metabolism of Carbohydrates

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Chemical classification of carbohydrates entering the colon

The chemical classification of carbohydrates entering the colon is as follows:

Chemical classification of carbohydrates entering the colon


The chemical classification of carbohydrates entering the colon is as follows:

Monosaccharides: all except for glucose, fructose, and galactose are partly or completely unabsorbed. Fructose in the absence of a source of glucose (mono-, di-, or polysaccharide) is partly unabsorbed.

 

Sugar alcohols: all are partly or completely unabsorbed.

 

Disaccharides: all except for maltose, sucrose, and lactose are unabsorbed. Lactose is completely or partly unabsorbed in individuals with low intestinal lactase activity.

 

Oligosaccharides: all are unabsorbed except for maltodextins.

 

Polysaccharides: all nonstarch polysaccharides are unabsorbed.

 

Resistant starch.


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