Treatment with tetracyclines, such as doxycycline, is effective for acute Q fever. A combination of a tetracycline and cotri-moxazole or rifampicin for a prolonged period is essential for treatment of subacute endocarditis and other chronic diseases caused by C. burnetii.
Prevention and Control
Preventive measures for Q fever include:
Wearing protective clothing (mask, gloves) while handling carcasses and animal hides,
Pasteurization of milk by flash method instead of holder method, and
Isolation of facilities for parturition of animals.