'A sustainable house is one that uses energy and material more effectively both in production and operation while polluting and damaging natural systems as little as possible.'
Sustainable building refers to a structure and using process that is environmentally responsible and resource-efficient throughout a building's life-cycle: from siting to design, construction, operation, maintenance, renovation, and demolition. This requires close cooperation of the team, the architects, the engineers, and the client at all project stages. The Green Building practice expands and complements the classical building design concerns of economy, utility, durability, and comfort.
The common objective is that green buildings are designed to reduce the overall impact of the built environment on human health and the natural environment by:
Efficiently using energy, water, and other resources
Protecting occupant health and improving employee productivity Reducing waste, pollution and environmental degradation
Principles of sustainable Housing
State any two principles of sustainable housing. (Apr./May 2005, May/June 2006)
Sustainable housing is defined as the meeting of the needs of the person wihout compromising the ability of future generation to meet their own needs.
The important features or principles of sustainable housing is as follows.
The needs of the housing are to be satisfied or fulfilled for the present requirement without affecting the environment.
Sustainable development should ensure the environmental protection while taking the housing programs.
The sustainable development should ensure the maximum rate of resource consumption. The waste materials should not be harmful to the society.
The sustainable development should minimize the reverse impacts on resouces and the environment for future generation.
The should ensure the stopping of over exploitation of resources, reduce waste discharge and emissions and maintain ecological balance.
The sustainable development will support economical growth of poor countries and help to narrow/minimize the wealth gap between the nations and within the nations.
The sustainable development should follow an appropriate technology which should be adaptable, eco - friendly, resource efficient and culturally suitable. It involves mostly local resouces and local labors.
The 3R approach should be followed. i.e., Reduce, Reuse, Recycle. This
means reduce the usage of resources, using themagain and again and
redo the process to utilize again the resouces to the maximum extent possible. This 3R approach reduces the waste generation and pollution.
Environmental education and awareness should be created. this is possible by teaching the environmental subject from the school stage itself.