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Chapter: Civil : Housing Planning and Management : Introduction To Housing

Structural building types

1. Agricultural buildings 2.Residential buildings 3. Educational buildings 4. Government buildings 5. Industrial buildings 6.Parking and storage

Structural building types


1. Agricultural buildings




A barn is an agricultural building primarily located on farms and used for many purposes, notably for the housing of livestock and storage of crops.




Farmhouse is a general term for the main house of a farm. It is a type of building or house which serves a residential purpose in a rural or agricultural setting. Historically common were farmhouses which were combined with space for animals called a house barn. Other farm houses may be connected to one or more barns, built to form a courtyard, or each farm building was built separately.


Storm cellar


A storm shelter or storm cellar is a type of underground bunker designed to protect the occupants from violent severe weather, particularly tornadoes.




A shed is typically a simple, single-storey structure in a back garden or on an allotment that is used for storage, hobbies, or as a workshop.



A silo is a structure for storing bulk materials. Silos are used in agriculture to store grain (see grain elevators) or fermented feed known as silage. Silos are more commonly used for bulk storage of grain, coal, cement, carbon black, woodchips, food products and sawdust. Three types of silos are in widespread use today; tower silos, bunker silos, and bag silos.




Silo types


Cement storage silos Tower silo


Bunker silos Bag silos


2.Residential buildings


Apartment block


It is defined a high-rise as 'A multi-story structure between 35-100 meters tall, or a building of unknown height from 12-39 floors.


According to the building code of Hyderabad, India, a high-rise building is one with four floors or more in height.




A condominium is the form of housing tenure and other real property where a specified part of a piece of a real is individual owned. Use of and access to common facilities in the piece such as hallways, heating system,


elevators, and exterior areas are executed under legal rights associated with


the individual ownership. These rights are controlled by the association of owners that jointly represent ownership of the whole piece.




A dormitory in the United States is a residence hall consisting of sleeping quarters or entire buildings primarily providing sleeping and residential quarters for large numbers of people.


Duplex building


A duplex house is a dwelling having apartments with separate entrances for two households. This includes two-story houses having a complete apartment on each floor and also side-by-side apartments on a single lot that share a common wall.  By contrast, a building comprising two attached units on  two      distinct  properties  is  typically  considered


semi-detached  or  twin homes but may also be referred to as a duplex.


3. Educational buildings


College School Library Museum


Boarding school


4. Government buildings


Capitol City hall Consulate Courthouse Embassy Fire station Meeting house Moot hall Palace Parliament Police station Post office Prison




5. Industrial buildings


Brewery Bunker Castle Citadel Fort


6.Parking and storage


Boathouse Garage


Hanger, of aircraft or spacecraft Storage silo


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Civil : Housing Planning and Management : Introduction To Housing : Structural building types |

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