Summary - Last Phase of Indian National Movement
The last phase of India’s struggle for freedom, began with the ‘Anti-War Individual Satyagraha’ launched in November 1940.
The calm, however, was only a prelude to the storm that rocked the British Empire with the Quit India Movement of 1942.
Despite brutal repressive measures, the mass upsurge did not fade away and the INA trials and the RIN mutiny bear evidence to this.
The dark side of the struggle for freedom too was to manifest during the seven years beginning with the idea of separate nation for Muslims, vaguely expressed, at the Lahore session of the Muslim League.
It culminated in the Partition of India along with freedom, taking a heavy toll of human lives in communal riots.
Free India was born with the challenge to the idea of secularism.