According to World
Health Organization (WHO) reproductive health means a total well being in all
aspects of reproduction, ability to reproduce and regulate fertility, women's
ability to undergo pregnancy and safe child birth,maternal and infant survival
and well being.
Several measures were
undertaken by the government to improve the reproductive health of the people
by launching National Health Programmes such as the
i. Family Welfare Programme
ii. Reproductive and Child Health Care (RCH) Programme
programme: The National Family Welfare Programme is a comprehensive
scheme which includes:
Maternal and child health care (MCH)
Immunization of mothers, infants and children.
Nutritional supplement to pregnant women and children.
Contraception with health education, to motivate couples to accept
contraceptive methods and to have small family norms, which improve economic
status, living status and the quality of life.
Reproductive and Child
Health Care (RCH) Programme: It has integrated all services which
Pregnancy and child birth
Postnatal care of the mother and child
Importance of breast feeding
Prevention of reproductive tract infections and sexually