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Chapter: 11th Commerce : Chapter 14 : Transportation

Recent Trends in Railway Transportation

Metro Rail is a Mass Rapid Transport System (MRTS).

Recent Trends in Transportation


a. Metro Rail

Metro Rail is a Mass Rapid Transport System (MRTS). It is a convenient, fast, efficient, reliable, comfortable mode of urban transport. Rapid transit also known as heavy rail, metro, subway, tube  or  underground is a type of high capacity public transport generally found in urban areas.


b. Monorail

A monorail is like a train, but instead of having two sets of wheels that balances on a railway track, the monorail is balanced on top of one rail. Monorails are often used to transport people around large cities. Some monorails utilize magnets to hover on their rails, reducing friction between the train and the rail. The first monorail was invented in the 19th century.


c. Bullet train

High-speed rail is a type of rail transport that operates significantly faster than traditional rail traffic, using an integrated system of specialized rolling stock and dedicated tracks. The first such system began operations in Japan in 1964 and was widely known as the bullet train. High-speed trains normally operate on standard gauge tracks of continuously welded rail.


d. Pipeline Transport

It is the mode of transportation of goods or materials through pipe. Liquids and gases are transported in pipelines. Pipeline exist for the transport of crude and refined petroleum, fuels such as Oil, Natural gas and Bio-fuel etc., and other fluids including sewage, slurry and water. It requires heavy investment to install.


e. Conveyor Transport

It is the broad category of transport mode that includes modes developed from the idea of a conveyor belt. Examples include Conveyor belt, two or more Pulleys with   a continuous loop of material that rotates about  them,  Escalator,   Elevator   which is used carrying people among floors of building, etc...


f. Ropeway Transport

A Ropeway is another means of transport in naval lifting device. It can be operated in the place where road construction is impractical and costly. Certain limit of goods or people can be transported with the help of (naval lifting device) electricity. In the hilly remote areas ropeway system of transport may be suitable means of transport.


g. Hyper loop Transport

Hyper loop is a proposed system of transport that would see pods or containers travel at high level speed through a tube that has been pumped into a near vacuum. The train pods would either float using magnetic levitation technology or float using air caster “Skis”, similar to how pucks travel across an air hockey table. With so little friction in the tunnel, the pod would be able to travel at immense speed with projected top speeds of 760 mph. Hyper loop is a futuristic transport system. Tunnels for the Hyper loop would be built either above or below ground, at only around 3 meter in diameter, lacking up a smaller ground footprint than traditional rail or road. Elon Musk an entrepreneur had proposed this mode of transport as a “fifth mode of transport” in 2012.


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