A common carrier is a person who is engaged in the business of carrying goods for hire indiscriminately for all persons.
There are organizations transporting goods on designated routes according to a fixed regular schedule, offering to transport goods for hire for all people without discrimination. Railways and Sea transport do not come under common carrier because they are covered by separate Acts. The liability of common carrier is governed by Carriers Act 1865.
For example, city buses are a common carrier. Under common law rules, a common carrier is generally liable for all losses which may occur to property entrusted to his charge in the course of business.
The technological advancement will make the transportation highly sophisticated with greatest speed in future. Transport plays a predominant role in the economic development of a country by helping the business community and public in an enormous way.