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Chemistry - Organic Nitrogen Compounds | 12th Chemistry : UNIT 13 : Organic Nitrogen Compounds

Chapter: 12th Chemistry : UNIT 13 : Organic Nitrogen Compounds

Organic Nitrogen Compounds

After studying this unit the student will be able to • understand isomerism in organic nitro compounds • describe the preparation and properties of nitro compounds • classify amines as primary, secondary and tertiary • describe the methods of preparation of amines

ORGANIC NITROGEN COMPOUNDS


 

Donald James Cram

Donald James Cram was an American chemist who shared the 1987 Nobel Prize in Chemistry with Jean-Marie Lehn and Charles J. Pedersen "for their development and use of molecules with structure-specific interactions of high selectivity." They were the founders of the field of host–guest chemistry Cram expanded upon Charles Pedersen's ground-breaking synthesis of crown ethers, two-dimensional organic compounds that are able to recognize and selectively combine with the ions of certain metal elements. He also did work in stereochemistry and Cram's rule of asymmetric induction is named after him.


 

Learning Objectives

After studying this unit the student will be able to

• understand isomerism in organic nitro compounds

• describe the preparation and properties of nitro compounds

• classify amines as primary, secondary and tertiary

• describe the methods of preparation of amines

• explain the properties of amines

• distinguish between primary, secondary and tertiary amines

• describe the method of preparation of diazonium salts

• explain the preparation and properties of cyanides

 

INTRODUCTION

Organic compounds containing nitrogen are essential to life. For example; amines, the organic derivatives of ammonia play an important role in bioregulation, neurotransmission,etc., Pyridoxine, Vitamin B6 is an organic nitrogen compound which is needed to maintain the health of nerves, skin and red blood cells. Plants synthesise alkaloids, and biologically active amines to protect them from being eaten away by insects and other animals. Diazonium salts finds important applications in synthetic organic chemistry. Nitrogen compounds are the important constituents of explosives, drugs, dyes, fuels, polymers, synthetic rubbers, etc.,


In this unit, we will learn the preparation, properties and uses of nitrocompounds and amines.





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12th Chemistry : UNIT 13 : Organic Nitrogen Compounds : Organic Nitrogen Compounds | Chemistry


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