The major political organization of that time, Indian National Congress
was dominated by Brahmins had refused to consider the demands of non-brahmin
members. Thus the non-brahmin leaders of Madras Presidency began to think of
floating a non-brahmin political organization. The prospects of political
reforms after the First World War, and the possibilities of representing institutions
stimulated their move.
In 1916 Dr.T.M. Nair, Pitti Theagarayar and Dr.C. Natesan founded the
South Indian Liberal Federation to promote and safeguard the socio-economic
political interests of the non-brahmin. This South Indian Liberal Federation
(SILF) came to be popularly known as the "Justice Party" named after
the English journal Justice. Through their relentless efforts they secured
reservation of seats for the non-brahmin in the elections to the legislative
i) To create
and promote the Educational, Social, Economic, Political and material progress
of all communities other than Brahmins of South India.
ii) To work
for Non-Brahmins upliftment through Constitutional government.
iii) To make the government truly a representative
iv) To create public opinion infavour of
Montagu Chelmsford reforms 1919 introduced dyarchy
in the presidencies by which a few departments were earmarked for Indian
ministers chosen from the elected members. In the first elections under dyarchy
in 1920, the Indian National Congress as a part of the Non-Co-operation
Movement boycotted the elections, but many congressmen contested the elections
under different banners.
The Justice Party won majority of the seats and
A.Subbarayalu became the Chief Minister and after his death, Raja of Panagal
became the Chief Minister of Madras in 1921.