FUNCTIONS OF THE ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
The main regulatory functions of the endocrine system are the following:
The endocrine system regulates the rate ofmetabolism, the sum of
the chemical changes that occur in tissues.
of food intake and digestion. The endocrine systemregulates the level of
satiety (fullness) and the breakdown of food into individual nutrients.
development. The endocrine system influencesthe development of tissues, such as
those of the nervous system.
regulation. The endocrine system regulates the soluteconcentration of the
balance. The endocrine system regulates water balance by controlling solutes
in the blood.
rate and blood pressure regulation. The endocrine system helps
regulate the heart rate and blood pressure and helps prepare the body for
Control of blood glucose and other nutrients. The endocrine system regulates the levels of blood glucose
and other nutrients in the blood.
of reproductive functions. The endocrine system controls the development
and functions of the reproductive systems in males and females.
Uterine contractions and milk release. The endocrine system regulates
uterine contractions during delivery and stimulates milk release from the breasts
in lactating females.
system regulation. The endocrine system helps control the production
and functions of immune cells.