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Unit – 6
Development of Industries in India
▶ Acquit with the traditional crafts of India
.▶ Analyse the causes for the decline of Indian industries
.▶ Understand the beginning of modern industries.
▶ Know the aim of five-year plans.
▶ Understand the phases of industrial development in India.
The history of Indian industry perhaps dates back to the history of humankind. India’s traditional economy was characterised by a blend of agriculture and handicrafts. According to Edward Baines, ‘The birthplace of cotton manufacture is India where it probably flourished long before the dawn of authentic history.’ Bernier, who visited India during the reign of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan, marvelled at the incredible quantity of manufactured goods. Tavernier, a French traveller, admired the peacock throne, carpets of silk and gold as well as mini carvings.
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