DETERMINANTS OF PERSONALITY
The personality of an individual may be
influenced by various factors such as the biologi-cal, Sociological and Psychological factors.
The major factors and their sub components
that determine and influence personality are given in figure 1.
There are three biological factors playing a
great role in personality development. They are
Physique: Height, weight, physical appearance,
gen-eral health, physical deformities and abnormalities are the factors that
can influence the personality of an individual not directly but indirect-ly.
For example: The child who is short of stature and who is physically handicapped
may develop a feeling of inferiority.
Chemique: Chemique means the ef-fects of the
endocrine glands on the personality development. For exam-ple: Thyroid gland
secretes thyroxin which controls rate of growth which in turn is relates to the
personality of an individual.
Nervous System: Sensory organs de-pends upon the w
ell developed quality of the nervous system. These sensory organs are the
gateways of knowledge. For example: Quickness of adjustment, the readiness of
acquiring new modes of responses, our reasoning and think-ing all depend on the
efficiency of the nervous system.
Home, school, society and culture are the most important
sociological factors involved in personality development.
The following factors from the home can affect the
personality of an individual
home, separated (or) divorced parents, alcoholic parents, quarrel-some parents.
preferences on the sex (male or female) of the child
of children in the family.
and socio- economic sta-tus of parents
School factors responsible in shaping the personality of
the children include:
of the school
available for various cur-ricular and co curricular activities.
of the school
climate of the school.
of the teachers
The society circumstances and the envi-ronment also play a
vital role in deciding one’s personality.
An individual’s personality is also deter-mined by the
culture in which they are reared.
Intelligence, motivation, attitude, emo-tion and interest
are some important psychological factors