Home | | Chemistry 12th Std | Coordination Chemistry: Choose the correct answer

Coordination Chemistry: Choose the correct answer - | Study Material, Lecturing Notes, Assignment, Reference, Wiki description explanation, brief detail |

Chapter: 12th Chemistry : Coordination Chemistry

Coordination Chemistry: Choose the correct answer

Chemistry : Coordination Chemistry: Choose the correct answer with Answers, Solution and Explanation

Choose the correct answer:

 

1. The sum of primary valance and secondary valance of the metal M in the complex [ M ( en)2 ( Ox)] Cl is L

a) 3

b) 6

c) -3

d) 9

Solution

In the complex [M (en)2 (Ox)] Cl For the central metal ion M3+

The primary valance is = +3

The secondary valance = 6

sum of primary valance and secondary valance = 3+6 = 9

Answer : option (d)

 

2. An excess of silver nitrate is added to 100ml of a 0.01M solution of pentaaqua chloride chromium(III)chloride. The number of moles of AgCl precipitated would be

a) 0.02

b) 0.002

c) 0.01

d) 0.2

Solution

The complex is [M(H2O)5 Cl] Cl2

1000 ml of 1M solution of the complex gives 2 moles of Cl ions

1000 ml of 0.01M solution of the complex will give

[100 ml x 0.01M x 2Cl-] / [1000 ml x 1M] = 0.002 moles of C  ions

Answer : option (b)

 

3. A complex has a molecular formula MSO4 Cl. 6H2O .The aqueous solution of it gives white precipitate with Barium chloride solution and no precipitate is obtained when it is treated with silver nitrate solution. If the secondary valence of the metal is six, which one of the following correctly represents the complex?

a) [M ( H2O)4 Cl] SO4 .2H2O

b) [M ( H2O)6 ]SO4

c) [M ( H2O)5 Cl] SO4 .H2O

d) [M ( H2O)3 Cl ] SO4 .3H2O

Solution

Molecular formula: MSO4Cl. 6H2O .

Formation of white precipitate with Barium chloride indicates that SO42- ions are outside  the coordination sphere, and no precipitate with AgNO3 solution indicates that the Cl ions are inside the coordination sphere.Since the coordination number of M is 6, Cl and 5 H2O are ligands, remaining 1 H2O molecular and SO42-  are in the outer coordination sphere.

Answer : option (c)

 

4. Oxidation state of Iron and the charge on the ligand NO in [ Fe ( H2O)5 NO] SO4 are

a) +2 and 0 respectively

b) +3 and 0 respectively

c) +3 and -1 respectively

d) +1 and +1 respectively

Solution


 

5. As per IUPAC guidelines, the name of the complex [Co( en)2 ( ONO)Cl ] Cl is

a) chlorobisethylenediaminenitritocobalt(III) chloride

b) chloridobis(ethane-1,2-diamine)nitro k-Ocobaltate(III) chloride

c) chloridobis(ethane-1,2-diammine)nitrito k -Ocobalt(II) chloride

d) chloridobis(ethane-1,2-diamine)nitro k -Ocobalt(III) chloride

 

6. IUPAC name of the complex K3 [Al ( C2O4 )3 ] is

a) potassiumtrioxalatoaluminium(III)

b) potassiumtrioxalatoaluminate(II)

c) potassiumtrisoxalatoaluminate(III)

d) potassiumtrioxalatoaluminate(III)

 

7. A magnetic moment of 1.73BM will be shown by one among the following

a) TiCl4

b) [CoCl6] 4-

c) [Cu (NH3)4]2+

d) [Ni (CN)4 ]2-

Solution


 

8. Crystal field stabilization energy for high spin d5 octahedral complex is

a) – 0.6 ∆0.

b) 0

c) 2 (P −∆0)

d) 2 (P+ ∆0)

Solution

The electronic configuration t2g3, eg2

[3x(-0.4) + 2(0.6)]Δ0

[-1.2 + 1.2]Δ0 =0

Answer : option(b)

 

9. In which of the following coordination entities the magnitude of Δ0 will be maximum?

a) [Co (CN)6]3-

b) [ Co(C2O4)3]3-

c) [Co(H2O)6]3+

d) [Co(NH3)]3+

Solution

In all the complexes, the central metal ion is Co3+, among the given ligands CN is the strongest ligand, which causes large crystal field splitting i.e maximum 0

 

10. Which one of the following will give a pair of enantiomorphs?

a) [Cr(NH3)6 ] [Co(CN)6]

b) [Co( en)2 Cl2]Cl

c) [Pt (NH3)4 ] [PtCl4]

d) [Co(NH3)2 Cl2]?

Solution


Complexes given in other options (a), (c) and (d) have symmetry elements and hence they are optically inactive.

 

11. Which type of isomerism is exhibited by Pt ( NH3)2 Cl2 ?

a) Coordination isomerism

b) Linkage isomerism

c) Optical isomerism

d) Geometrical isomerism

Solution


 

12. How many geometrical isomers are possible for [ Pt(Py)(NH3)(Br)(Cl)] ?

a) 3

b) 4

c) 0

d) 15

Solution

Three isomers. If we consider any one of the ligands as reference ( say Py), the arrangement  of other three ligands ( NH3, Br and Cl ) with respect to (Py) gives three geometrical isomers.

 

13. Which one of the following pairs represents linkage isomers?

a) [Cu ( NH3)4] [PtCl4] and [Pt ( NH3)4] [CuCl4]

b) [Co ( NH3)5( NO3)] SO4 and [ Co (NH3)5(ONO)]

c) [Co ( NH3 )4 ( NCS)2] Cl and [Co ( NH3)4 ( SCN)2] Cl

d) both (b) and (c)

Solution

(a) coordination isomers

(b) no isomerism ( different molecular formula)

(c) ← NCS , ← SCN coordinating atom differs : linkage isomers

 

14. Which kind of isomerism is possible for a complex [Co ( NH3)4 Br2] Cl ?

a) geometrical and ionization

b) geometrical and optical

c) optical and ionization

d) geometrical only

Solution

For [ MA4 B2 ]n+ complexes-geometrical isomerism is possible


 

15. Which one of the following complexes is not expected to exhibit isomerism?

a) [Ni(NH3)4(H2O)2]2+

b) [Pt(NH3)2Cl2]

c) [Co(NH3)5SO4]Cl

d) [Fe(en)3]3+

Solution

Option (a) and (b) – geometrical isomerism is possible

Option (c) – ionization isomerism is possible

Option (d) – no possibility to show either constitutional isomerism or stereo isomerism

 

16. A complex in which the oxidation number of the metal is zero is

a) K4[Fe(CN)6]

b) [Fe(CN)3(NH3)3]

c) [Fe(CO)5]

d) both (b) and (c)

Solution

(a) Fe2+

(b) Fe3+

(c) Fe0

 

17. Formula of tris(ethane-1,2-diamine)iron(II)phosphate

a) [Fe(CH3-CH(NH2)2)3](PO4)3

b) [Fe(H2N-CH2-CH2-NH2)3)](PO4)

c) [Fe(H2N-CH2-CH2-CH2-NH2)3](PO4)2

d) [Fe(H2N-CH2-CH2-NH2)3]3(PO4)2

Solution

[Fe (en )3]2+ (PO43-)

 

18. Which of the following is paramagnetic in nature?

a) [Zn(NH3)4]2+

b) [Co(NH3)6]3+

c) [Ni(H2O)6]2+

d) [Ni(CN)4]2-

Solution

(a) Zn2+ (d10 diamagnetic)

(b) Co3+ (d6 Low spin t2g6, eg0 diamagnetic)

(c) Ni2+ (d8 Low spin t2g6, eg2 paramagnetic)

(d) [Ni(CN)4]2- (dsp2 ; square planar, diamagnetic)

 

19. Fac-mer isomerism is shown by

a) [Co(en)3]3+

b) [Co(NH3)4(Cl)2] +

c) [Co(NH3)3(Cl)2]

d) [Co(NH3)5Cl]SO4

Solution

[Co (NH3)3(Cl)3]

 

20. Choose the correct statement.

a) Square planar complexes are more stable than octahedral complexes

b) The spin only magnetic moment of [Cu ( Cl)4 ]2 is 1.732 BM and it has square planar structure.

c) Crystal field splitting energy (∆0) of [FeF6]4- is higher than the (∆0) of [Fe (CN)6]4-

d) crystal field stabilization energy of [V(H2O)6]2+ is higher than the crystal field stabilization of [Ti (H2O)6]2+

Solution

V2+ ( t2g3, eg0 ; CFSE = 3 x (-0.4)Δ0 = -1.2 Δ0)

Ti2+ ( t2g2, eg0 ; CFSE = 2 x (-0.4)Δ0 = -0.8 Δ0)

Statements given in option (a) ,(b), and (c) are wrong.

The current statements are

(a) since, the crystal field stabilization is more in octahedral field , octahedral complexes are more stable than square planar complexes.

(b) 

 

Study Material, Lecturing Notes, Assignment, Reference, Wiki description explanation, brief detail


Copyright © 2018-2021 BrainKart.com; All Rights Reserved. (BS) Developed by Therithal info, Chennai.