COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING
“Community health nursing is a synthesis of nursing practice applied in promoting and preserving the health of the population. Community health implies integration of curative, preventive and promotional health services. The aim of community diagnosis is the identification of community health problems. Remarkable development in public health was successful control of many communicable diseases. Nursing and medical services were strengthened to promote positive health. Now a days more emphasis is focused on the sick to the well person, from the individual to the community. To attain Health For All through Primary Health Care led to the restructuring of the rural health services. At present Public health nurses are called as Community health nurses who are registered nurses (RN) trained to work in public health settings. It includes nursing services in all phase of health services which is organized for the welfare of the community. In 1958 Indian Nursing Council has integrated Community health into basic curriculum in nursing.
Community Health Nurse (Village Health Nurse, Sector Health Nurse, and Community Health Nurse) is responsible for her defined area of work in the provision of community health services.
Community Health nursing
· It is a synthesis of nursing and public health practice applied to promoting and preserving the health of the people.
· Public health: It is the art and science of preventing illness, prolonging life and promoting through organized efforts of the society.
· Community health: It refers to the health status of the members of the community, to the problems affecting their health and to the totality of the health care provided for the community.
· To promote health and efficiency.
· Prevention and control diseases and disabilities.
· Need based health care to prolong life.
· Provide antenatal, intranatal and postnatal, care to ensure safe pregnancy and delivery.
· Provide under five children care
· Health education
· To improve the ability of the community to deal with their own health problems
· To strengthen the community resources
· To prevent and control communicable and non-communicable diseases
· To provide specialized services
· To conduct research
· It should be planned based on the needs of the community.
· It is based on identified needs and functions.
· Integration of Health education, guidance and supervision with community health nursing services.
· Health services should be realistic in terms of available resources.
· Community is the focus which is the unit of health care services.
· Professional relationship with etiquette and dignity
· Community participation is the integral part of the community health services.
· Individual and family members participation in decision making.
· Health services must be continuous.
· Proper records and reports are essential.
· Proper evaluation of health services
· Health services must be available to all without any difference.