Bio medical waste management
All human activities
produce waste which may be dangerous and needs safe disposal Industrial waste,
Agricultural waste, Sewage waste Pollute
water, land and air.
It can also be dangerous to human beings and environment. Similarly, hospitals
and other health care facilities generate so many wastewhich spread lot of
infection. It spread HIV, Hepatitis, Tetanus etc. mostly the health workers who
handle in hospital.
India generates around
three million tons of Bio medical waste per year and the amount expected to
grow at 8% annually.
Bio medical waste is
the waste which is generated by hospitals, nursing homes, clinic dispensaries,
veterinary institution, animal house, pathological laboratory and blood bank
and is not degradable.
Waste from laundry, wards and
Human anatomical waster (human tissue, organ, body parts)
and micro technology waster (Laboratory culture,
stocks, attenuated vaccine research and industrial laboratories)
Solid Waste (items contaminated with blood and body fluids
including cotton, dressing, soiled plaster casts) beddings, linens, devices
used for transfer of cultures.
Hypodermic needles, stitching needles, needles attached with
Scalpel blades, razors, nails etc.
Blood vials, cover slips, edges of slides
Bio medical waste
means any solid or liquid waste including its container and any intermediate
product which is generated during the diagnosis, treatment or immunization of
human being and animals.
Prompted improvements in
medical technology and centralized Medicare brought huge volumes of toxic and
Situation forced a
serious rethinking and necessitated an appropriate refinement in preexisting
Medical research laboratories
Slaughter house Animal houses
Bio technology institution
Human anatomical waste like tissues, organs and body parts.
Waste from hospitals like needles, syringes, scalpels, and
Biomedical waste shall not be mixed with other waste.
Biomedical waste shall be segregate into containers bags at the
point of generation prior to its storage, transportation, treatment, and
disposal. The containers shall be labeled.
Untreated biomedical waste shall be transported only by the
competent authority as specified by the government.
T he authorized person must take permission of the prescribing
authority to take measure to ensure that the waste does not adversely affect
human health and the environment.
Use appropriate protecting clothing like gloves.
Popularize use of color and emblem code on container bags
Constitute a hospital acquired infection control committee.
Confirms to pollution control board norms.
Segregation of waste from hospitals is transport and disposes