A bakery is an establishment that pro-duces flour- based food like bread, cook-ies, cakes and pies. The first evidence of baking occurred when humans took wild grass soaked in water and mashed it into a paste. The mashed paste was poured on flat, hot rocks to produce a bread like substance. Later when fire was invented the paste was roasted on hot embers, which made baking easier. Baking began in Greece around 600 B.C. The art of baking was developed early during the Roman empire. Due to the fame and desire the art of baking received importance around 300 B.C. So, baking was introduced as an occupation and respectable profession for the Romans.
Baking needs an enclosed space for heating called an oven. The oldest oven was discovered in Croatia dating back 6,500 years ago. Asian cultures have adopted steam baskets to produce the effect of baking. The heat can be supplied by wood, coal, gas or electricity. An oven mitt (an insulated glove) or a peel (a long -handled tool) is used to add or remove items from the oven. Baked goods are served during religious festivals and are also a fundamental part of everyday food consumption in many cultures.