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Chapter: Medical Surgical Nursing: Management of Patients With Oncologic or Degenerative Neurologic Disorders

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Alzheimer’s Disease

Alzheimer’s disease, or senile dementia of the Alzheimer’s type, is a chronic, progressive, and degenerative brain disorder .

ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE

Alzheimer’s disease, or senile dementia of the Alzheimer’s type, is a chronic, progressive, and degenerative brain disorder accompa-nied by profound effects on memory, cognition, and ability for self-care. About 10% of the population older than age 65 are af-fected, and the prevalence reaches 47% by age 85. Research sug-gests that inflammation plays a role in the pathophysiology of the disease and that anti-inflammatory agents such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may be helpful adjuncts in treatment (Neuroinflammation Working Group, 2000).

 

Alzheimer’s is one of the most feared disorders of modern times because it has catastrophic consequences for the patient and family, who experience what has been termed an endless funeral.

 

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