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Chapter: Modern Medical Toxicology: Neurotoxic Poisons: Inebriants

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Alcohols - Inebriant Neurotoxic Poisons

Inebriants are substances that induce intoxication or inebriation, and comprise mainly alcohols, barbiturates, benzodiazepines, and chloral hydrate.

Inebriants

Inebriants are substances that induce intoxication or inebriation, and comprise mainly alcohols, barbiturates, benzodiazepines, and chloral hydrate.

Alcohols

·              Alcohols are actually (hydroxy) derivatives of (aliphatic) hydro-carbons. There are 3 categories of alcohols—

·      Monohydroxy alcohols : They have only one hydroxyl(OH) group, e.g. ethanol, methanol, isopropanol, etc.

·      Dihydroxy alcohols : They possess two hydroxyl groupsand are referred to as glycols, e.g. ethylene glycol, propylene glycol, etc.

·      Trihydroxy alcohols : They are not really alcohols, butonly derivatives, e.g. propane derivative glycerol or glyc-erine.


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