of nuclear power plant
can be easily adopted where water and coal resources are not available.
nuclear power plant requires very small quantity of fuel. Hence fuel transportation
cost is less.
requirement is less compared to other power plants of equal capacity.
is not affected by adverse weather conditions.
storage facilities are not needed as in the case of the thermal power plant.
power plants will converse the fossils fuels (coal, petroleum) for other energy
of workmen required at nuclear plant is far less than thermal plant.
does not require large quantity of water.
wastes, if not disposed of carefully, have adverse effect on the health of
workmen and the population surrounding the plant.
is not suitable for varying load condition.
requires well-trained personnel.
4. It requires high initial cost compared to hydro or thermal power plants.
A nuclear power plant is similar to a conventional steam
power plant except how that energy is evolved. The heat is produced in the
nuclear power plant by fission, whereas in steam and gas turbine plants, the
heat is produced by combustion in the furnace. The nuclear reactor acts as a
furnace where nuclear energy is evolved by splitting or fissioning of the
nucleus of fissionable material like Uranium U-235. It is claimed that 1 kg
U-235 can produce as much heat energy that can be produced by burning 4500 tones
of high grade coal or 1700 tons of oil.