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Chapter: 11th 12th standard bio zoology Human Body higher secondary school

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Milch breeds (or) Dairy Cattle breeds : Sindhi (Red Sindhi, Red Karachi), Gir (Kathiawarhi, Surti)

Milch breeds (or) Dairy Cattle breeds : Sindhi (Red Sindhi, Red Karachi), Gir (Kathiawarhi, Surti)
The cows of this group are high milk yielders with extended lactation periods. The bullocks are of poor draught qualities. These cattle are well built with strong limbs. e.g Deoni, Gir, Sindhi and Sahiwal. The cows in do-mestic usage for milk are non-descriptive types.

Milch breeds (or) Dairy breeds

 

The cows of this group are high milk yielders with extended lactation periods. The bullocks are of poor draught qualities. These cattle are well built with strong limbs. e.g Deoni, Gir, Sindhi and Sahiwal. The cows in do-mestic usage for milk are non-descriptive types.

 

1. Sindhi (Red Sindhi, Red Karachi) :


Origin and distribution : The home of this breed is Karachi and Hyderabad.

 

Distinguishing characters : Medium size and compact body. Thick horns emerging laterally and ending in blunt points. They have intelligent facial expression. Deep dark red colour. Bulls are darker than the cow. They have hump and the udder is large with medium sized teats. The animals are docile and quiet. Bullocks are steady workers, suited for road and field work.

 

Sindhi cows are hardy and have high degree of resistant to heat and ticks. These are the most economical milk producers among the dairy breeds of India.

 

Milk production :- Yields as high as 5,443 kg per lactation period.

 

2. Gir (Kathiawarhi, Surti) :-

 

Origin and distribution : The breed originated from the Gir forest of South Kathiawar. Impure forms of Gir breeds are found in Baroda and some parts of Maharastra.

 

Distinguishing characters : The colour is not always entire. Most of these cows have spotted skin. It is usually red, black and red, red and white or white with red spots. The body is well built with clear cut lines. The pure breed has a majestic appearance. Ears are long like a leaf. Tail is long and whip like. Legs are long and well built. Udder is large with matching teats. Bullocks are heavy, powerful and good for draught.

 

Milk Production : Gir cows are good milk yielders. In some, the maximum yield is 3,715 Kg per lactation period.


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