Various statutory welfare activities
welfare measures mainly include welfare facilities provided within the
precincts of an industrial establishment. They form part of the employers‟
statutory obligations. All welfare states provide welfare to the labour by
securing and protecting social order to ensure social, economic and political
PROVISIONS REGARDING THE WELFARE
every factory adequate and suitable facilities for washing shall be provided and maintained. They shatI be
conveniently accessible and shall be kept clean. There must be separate
provisions for male and female workers.-Sec. 42.
and drying. The State Government may make rules requiring the provision of suitable facilities for storing and
drying clothing.-Sec. 43.
facilities must be provided for workers who have to work in a standing position. so that they may take rest
when possible. When work can be done in a sitting position efficiently the
Chief Inspector may direct the provision of sitting arrangements. Sec. 44.
aid. Every factory must provide first aid boxes or cupboard. They must
contain the prescribed materials and
they must be in charge of persons trained in first aid treatment. Factories
employing more than 500 persons must maintain an ambulance roam containing the
prescribed equipment and in charge of the prescribed medical and nursing
more than 250 workers are employed. the state Government may require the opening of canteen or
canteens for workers. Rules may be framed regarding the food served. its
Shelters. In every factory where more
than 150 workers are employed there must be
provided adequate and suitable shelters or rest. rooms and a lunch room
(with drinking water supply) where workers may eat meals brought by them. Such
rooms must be sufficiently lighted and ventilated and must be maintained in a
cool and clean condition~. The standards may be fixed by the State Government.
Creches. In every
factory where more than 30 women a employed, a room shall be provided for the use of the children
(below 6 years) of such women. The room shall be adequate size. well lighted
and ventilated, maintained in a clean and sanitary condition and shall be in
charge of a woman trained in the care of children and infants. The standards
shall be laid down by the State Government.Sec. 48.
Welfare officers. Welfare officers must be
appointed in every factory where 500 or more
workers are employed. The State Government may prescribe the duties,
qualifications etc. of such officers. Sec. 49.
Rules. The State Government may make
rules regarding the welfare of workers.-Sec. 50.
NON STATUTORY SCHEMES
Many non statutory welfare schemes may include the following
Care (Regular medical check-ups)
Some of the companies provide the facility for extensive health
The main objective of the flextime policy is to provide opportunity
to employees to work with flexible working schedules. Flexible work schedules
are initiated by employees and approved by management to meet business
commitments while supporting employee personal life needs
Various assistant programs are arranged like external counseling
service so that employees or members of their immediate family can get
counseling on various matters.
To protect an employee from
harassments of any kind, guidelines are provided for proper action and also for
protecting the aggrieved employee.
Maternity & Adoption Leave
Employees can avail maternity or adoption leaves. Paternity
leave policies have also been introduced by various companies.
This insurance scheme provides
adequate insurance coverage of employees for expenses related to
hospitalization due to illness, disease or injury or pregnancy.
In several companies employee
referral scheme is implemented to encourage employees to refer friends and
relatives for employment in the organization.
5 Different Categories of Labour Welfare
the major categories of labour welfare are: (1) Intra-mural Facilities (2)
Extra-mural Facilities (3) Statutory Facilities (4) Mutual Facilities and (5)
very difficult to classify the welfare activities into certain broad
(1) Intra-mural Facilities:
facilities provided inside the factory are known as intra-mural facilities.
These facilities include activities relating to minimisation of industrial
fatigue, provision of safety measures like fencing and covering of machines,
good layout of the plant and machinery, sufficient lighting conditions,
provision of first aid appliances etc.
of such facilities are also obligatory in all industrial establishments all
over the world.
(2) Extra-mural Facilities:
offered to the workers outside the factory are known as extra-mural facilities.
They include better housing accommodations, indoor and outdoor recreation
sports, educational facilities etc. The provision of these facilities is
voluntary. Earlier, due attention was not given to the provision of extra-mural
facilities to the workers but now it is realised that these facilities are very
important for the general welfare and upliftment of the workers.
(3) Statutory Facilities:
Under this category, welfare facilities are
provided according to the labour legislations passed by the Government. The
nature and coverage of these facilities vary from country to country. Again
these facilities may be either intra-mural facilities or extra-mural
facilities. These facilities must be provided by all the employers and cannot
be ignored. Any contravention of the statutory provisions shall render the employer
punishable under the Act concerned.
The National Commission of Labour has divided all
the statutory measures under two distinct heads:
which have to be provided irrespective of the size of the establishment e.g.,
which are to be provided subject to the employment of a specified number of
persons, e.g., creches.
(4) Mutual Facilities:
facilities are usually outside the scope of the statutory facilities. These
activities are voluntarily undertaken by the workers themselves for their own
interest. As such the employer has no say in it.
facilities which are voluntarily provided by the employers come under this
category. Hence these are not statutory. No doubt, the activities under this category
ultimately lead to increase in the efficiency of workers.