Need of Labour welfare
Ø The employers need welfare activities to discharge their social responsibility, raise the employees morale use the work force more effectively and to reduce function with workers and to avoid Welfare facilities besides removing dissatisfaction help to develop loyalty in workers towards the organization.
Ø Welfare may help minimize social evils, such as alcoholism, gambling, prostitution and drug addiction.
Ø To create harmonious industrial relationship.
Approaches to labour welfare
Ø Approaches to labour welfare gives a clear idea about the attitudes, beliefs and traditions applied by the labour welfare agencies.
Ø Many organisations are becoming aware of the welfare facilities being
provided to its employees.
Ø employers are establishing welfare standards voluntarily, willingly an enthusiastically.
Ø Welfare benefits not only extended to self but the society also.
Ø Many approaches have been designed in this perspective.
I) The Policing Theory
Ø This theory is basically meant for making the employees and the workers availed with the basic facilities needed. E.g- latrines, drinking water, enough rest and lunch intervals, etc.
Ø In this approach the government has introduced the practices to control the exploitation of workers by their management/ employer. E.g- heavy work load and less payments, very small time intervals, no freedom of speech, etc.
Ø In case of non completion of the above, the management is liable to get a severe punishment.
II) The religion Theory
Ø This theory believes in two key approaches:-
Ø The Investment. & The Atonement ( punishment)
Ø The Investment theory explains the welfare benefits provided to the workers is the current Investment made for future progress.
Ø ―Man is a religious animal‖
Ø ―Raw fruit today, flourish to tomorrow.‖
Ø The atonement approach says,
Ø If the employees/workers are not getting availed with the benefits, it is a part of there sins in the past.. They need to be atone for that purpose.
III) Philantropic approach
Ø This is a benevolent approach which has a keen interest in ―giving strategy‖.
Ø Provisions for good conditions of work, day-care facilities for children, canteens, washing facilities. (In regards to the employees)
Ø And rehabilitation of disabled people, working boys/girls hostel facilities, donations to NGO‘s,
Ø Rewards to the educational institutions, etc.
Ø This theory is only encouraged for the well being of internal and external environment.
IV) Paternalistic Approach
Ø In this theory, the owner, occupier or the employer, holds the funds of the Industry in a trust.
Ø This trust consist of board or trust members, and any amount to be spent in favor of the employees and the society is first being taken in discussion.
Ø It creates a good moral for the internal and external envoirnment.
Ø Also known as the trusteeship theory of labour welfare.
Ø V) The Placating theory
Ø This theory mainly responds to the peaceful measures applicable for the workers and employees.
Ø Application of this theory is basically meant for the organized and committable/ enthusiastic.
Ø This theory enables the employees to be pleased and oblige with the provided welfare benefits.
Ø VI) Public Relations Theory
Ø This theory basically focuses on the attraction or goodwill for the industry.
Ø In this theory the welfare benefits are directly related to the impression of the Industry.
Ø Impression with the point of view of internal and external envoirnment.
Ø E.g- the In -house employees and the visitors too.
Ø VII) Functional Theory
Ø This theory believes the high productivity/ outcome of employees, by providing them the welfare benefits.
Ø Approach expects the results in the employees/workers efficiency and effectiveness on work.
Ø This concepts is commonly used in nature.
Ø Also known as the efficiency theory of labour welfare.
VIII ) Social theory
Ø This theory believes in well being of the society with the employees.
Ø Various provisions related to the society are to be established with this theory.
Ø Therefore this theory results in enhancing the condition / state of the society .