Concept of labour welfare
Labour welfare is an important dimension of industrial relation, labour welfare includes overall welfare facilities designed to take care of well being of employee's and in order to increase their living standard.It can also be provided by government, non government agencies and trade unions.
The concept of labour welfare is flexible and elastic and differs widely with time, region, industry, social values and customs, degree of industrialization, the general socio – economic development of the people and the political ideologies prevailing at a particular time. It is also molded according to the age – group, sex, socio – cultural background, marital and economic status and educational level of the workers in various industries.
Labour Welfare- Definition
According to the Committee on Labour Welfare, welfare services should mean:
―Such services, facilities, and amenities as adequate canteens, rest and recreation facilities, sanitary and medical facilities, arrangements for travel to and from place of work, and for the accommodation of workers employed at a distance from their homes; and such other services, amenities and facilities, including social security measures, as contribute to the conditions under which workers are employed.‖
Ø The employers need welfare activities to discharge their social responsibility, raise the employees morale use the work force more effectively and to reduce
function with workers and to avoid Welfare facilities besides removing dissatisfaction help to develop loyalty in workers towards the organization.
Ø Welfare may help minimize social evils, such as alcoholism, gambling, prostitution and drug addiction.
Ø To create harmonious industrial relationship.
History Of Labour Welfare
Ø In India the labour welfare started sometime during the 1st world war (1914-1918). Till then wellbeing of workers in factories was hardly thought by anybody.
Ø Industrial Labour Organization has played a very significant role for labour welfare.
Ø Formed by Indian central government and state governments for welfare of labour in Industries
Ø Government has laid down minimum standards for employment and working
conditions in organizations.
Ø trade unions and various social organizations also function as agencies for implementation of labour welfare measures.