Home | | Manufacturing Technology II | Types of chip

Types of chip - | Study Material, Lecturing Notes, Assignment, Reference, Wiki description explanation, brief detail |

Chapter: Mechanical - Manufacturing Technology - Theory Of Metal Cutting

Types of chip

There are three types of chips that are commonly produced in cutting, Discontinuous chips Continuous chips Continuous chips with built up edge

Types of chip


 

There are three types of chips that are commonly produced in cutting,

 

Discontinuous chips

 

Continuous chips

 

Continuous chips with built up edge

 

A discontinuous chip comes off as small chunks or particles. When we get this chip it may indicate,

 

Brittle work material

 

Small or negative rake angles

 

Coarse feeds and low speeds

 

A continuous chip looks like a long ribbon with a smooth shining surface. This chip type may indicate,

 

Ductile work materials

 

Large positive rake angles

 

Fine feeds and high speeds

 

Continuous chips with a built up edge still look like a long ribbon, but the surface is no longer smooth and shining. Under some circumstances (low cutting speeds of ~0.5 m/s, small or negative rake angles),

 

Work materials like mild steel, aluminum, cast iron, etc., tend to develop so-called built-up edge, a very hardened layer of work material attached to the tool face, which tends to act as a cutting edge itself replacing the real cutting tool edge. The built-up edge tends to grow until it reaches a critical size (~0.3 mm) and then passes off with the chip, leaving small fragments on the machining surface. Chip will break free and cutting forces are smaller, but the effects is a rough machined surface. The built-up edge disappears at high cutting speeds.

 

 

 

Chip control

 

Discontinuous chips are generally desired because

 

They are less dangerous for the operator

 

Do not cause damage to workpiece surface and machine tool

 

Can be easily removed from the work zone

 

Can be easily handled and disposed after machining.

 

 

 

There are three principle methods to produce the favourable discontinuous chip:

 

Proper selection of cutting conditions

 

Use of chip breakers

 

Change in the work material properties

 

 

 

Chip breaker

 

Chip break and chip curl may be promoted by use of a so-called chip breaker. There are two types of chip breakers

 

External type, an inclined obstruction clamped to the tool face

 

Integral type, a groove ground into the tool face or bulges formed onto the tool face

 


Study Material, Lecturing Notes, Assignment, Reference, Wiki description explanation, brief detail


Copyright © 2018-2021 BrainKart.com; All Rights Reserved. (BS) Developed by Therithal info, Chennai.