The role played by Rammohun Roy, and Keshab Chandra Sen in Brahmo Samaj are discussed
The contribution of Atmaram Pandurang, M.G. Ranade through Prarthana Samaj is examined
Arya Samaj established by Dayananda Saraswati, and the Ramakrishna Mission founded by Swami Vivekananda are dealt with.
Aligarh, Ahmadiya, and Deoband movements for reforming Islamic community are explained
Parsi, Sikh reform movements as well as the work of Theosophical society are described.
The social reform movements represented by Jyotiba Phule, Pandita Ramabai and Narayana Guru and by Ramalinga Adigal, Vaikunda Swamy and Iyotheethoss Pandithar in Tamilnadu are highlighted
Services rendered by Christian missionaries are analysed.