Sikh Reform Movement
The Sikh community could not remain untouched by
the rising tide of rationalist and progressive ideas of the nineteenth century.
The Singh Sabha Movement was formed in 1873, with a two-fold objective (i) to
make available modern western education to the Silkhs (ii) to counter the
proselytizing activities of Christian missionaries as well as Hindu revivalists.
A network of Khalsa Schools was established throughout Punjab. The Akali
movement was an offshoot of the Singh Sabha Movement. The Akali movement aimed
at liberating the Sikh Gurudwara from the corrupt control of the Udasi Mahants
(priests). The Government passed the Sikh Gurudwara Act in 1922 (amended in
1925), which gave control to Shiromani Gurudwara Prabandhak Committee (SGPC) as
the main body.